Wednesday, June 19, 2013

Kethu Viswanatha Reddy - Poet from Rayalaseema

Kethu Viswanatha Reddy, also known as Ketu Visvanathareddi, (born 1939) is a short story writer, novelist and essayist whose writings have been translated into modern Indian languages such as Hindi, Bengali, Kannada, Malayalam and English and Russian. He has worked many variations on the theme of rural transformation in southern Andhra Pradesh - Rayalaseema - the Semi-Arid zone, its famines, factions and industrialisation.
He has received awards from various organisations including Central Sahitya Academy (New Delhi), Bhartiya Bhasa Parishad (Calcutta), Telugu University (Hyderabad) and several others including Raavi Shastry Award for literature. For Academic excellence, Best Teacher Award for University teachers from Government of Andhra Pradesh.
Literary Works
  • Kethu Viswanatha Reddy Kathalu 1998 - 2003
  • Verlu - Bodhi 1994
  • Icchagni 1996
  • Japtu 1974
  • Drishti

Gona Budda Reddy - 13th-century poet

Gona Budda Reddy (13th century CE) was a poet living in southern India. His Ranganatha Ramayanam was a pioneering work in the Telugu language on the theme of the Ramayana epic. It is divided into seven khandas (parts). The work has become part of cultural life in Andhra Pradesh and is used in puppet shows

Anantha Venkatarami Reddy - Member of Parliament, Indian National Congress, Anantapur

Anantha Venkatarami Reddy (born 1 August 1956) is a member of the 11th, 12th, 14th and 15th Lok Sabha of India. He represents the Anantapur constituency of Andhra Pradesh and is a member of the Indian National Congress.
Constituency Anantapur
Personal details
Born 1 August 1956 (age 56)
Tadapatri, Andhra Pradesh
Political party Indian National Congress
Spouse(s) A. Rama
Children 2 daughters
Residence Anantapur
Religion HINDU

Alimineti Madhava Reddy - Ex - Home minister

Shri Alimineti Madhava Reddy (born Wadaparthy, Bhongir, Nalgonda District, Andhra Pradesh; 28 February 1949 – 7 March 2000) a politician from Telugu Desam Party.[1] He got elected four times to Legislative assembly (Bhongir assembly constituency) from Telugu Desam Party (TDP) political party. Sri A. Madhava Reddy held several portfolios in the State Cabinet first under the N.T. Rama Rao and then under Sri N. Chandrababu Naidu. He served as the Minister for Health & Medical Education for 9 months (from Dec 1994-Aug 1995) in N.T. Rama Rao cabinet. He served as the Home Minister for 4 years (from Sep 1995-1999) and as a Minister for Panchayat Raj & Rural Development(from 11th Oct1999 to until his death). Reddy was dead in a landmine blast triggered by the outlawed People's War Group of Naxalites near Ghatkesar on March 7, 2000.[2] The Srisailam Left Bank Canal is an irrigation project located in Nalgonda district in Andhra Pradesh, India was renamed as Alimineti Madhava Reddy Project after his death.[3]
Madhava Reddy was Born to A. Narsa Reddy and Laxmamma. Reddy married Uma Devi. He had two daughters (Srujana,Swetha) and one son Sandeep Reddy.


Madhava Reddy graduated from Osmania University in the year 1974 as B.E Electrical engineer.

Political career

He started political carrier as a Sarpanch in 1981. He was unamiously elected as Sarpanch of Wadaparthy (his place of Birth)5 May 1981. He got elected to Legislative assembly of Andhra Pradesh from Bhongir assembly constituency from Telugu Desam Party (TDP) political party in 1985 as first time.

Marri Shashidhar Reddy - MLA representing the Sanathnagar constituency in Andhra Pradesh, Member of National Disaster Management Authority with the rank of Minister of State to Government of India

Marri Shashidhar Reddy (born.1945) is an Indian Politician. He has been active both at the state level and national level politics in India.
In 2005, he became part of the high-powered National Disaster Management Authority, he has been responsible for formulating the Government of India guidelines that would ensure prompt and effective response to cyclones in any part of India.[1] He was also the Convener of the National level Task Force on Naxal violence set up in 2004

Early life

Marri Shashidhar Reddy a was born in Hyderabad, India to former Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, Marri Chenna Reddy.
went to All Saints High school Gunfoundry later he obtained his Bachelors in Arts (English Honors) at St. Stephens College, University of Delhi in 1967. An Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) Merit Scholar, he graduated from the Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University, Hyderabad, in 1971 with a Bachelor of Science in Agriculture. He obtained a Master’s degree in Agronomy with distinction from Kansas State University, U.S.A. in 1973.

Contributions to Public Life

  • As a member of the National Disaster Management Agency since 2005, he has been responsible for formulating guidelines that would ensure prompt and effective response to cyclones in any part of India. He is also responsible for delineating the role insurance and microfinance can play in preparing the people before a natural disaster strikes and rehabilitating the people affected by a natural disaster.[3][4][5]
  • Convener of the National level Task Force on Naxal violence in 2004. The Task Force's objective was to study the causes of Naxal violence in the India. The Task Force submitted its report in 2005.[6][7]
  • An invited participant of the Shimla Chintan Shivir (High Level brain storming Session) organised by All India Congress Committee (AICC) in 2003.[8]
  • Participated in an International Training Seminar on “Political Strategies” at Sintra, Portugal in 1994, which was organised by the Friedrich Naumann Foundation of Germany.
  • Closely connected to the World Bank funded Cyclone Emergency Reconstruction Project,[9] which was established after the 1990 cyclone hit the coastal areas of Andhra Pradesh.
  • He has been a water activist and has especially taken up water issues like the optimal utilisation of water from Godavari and Krishna rivers.[10][11]

Personal life

Marri Shashidhar Reddy is married to Indira Reddy and has three children

Sanigaram Santosh Reddy - Former Minister of Roads & Buildings & Finance, Armoor, Nizamabad

Sanigaram Santosh Reddy (born on 12 November 1942), more commonly known as Santanna, Santosh Reddy, Mrudhu Swabhavi, Pedala Pennidhi by his followers, is an Indian politician, statesman and former minister of Andhra Pradesh state. He is also related to Late Sri Muduganti Ramgopal Reddy Ex. MP (1971 to 1984) and took him as an aspiration to be a leader

Family background and education

Reddy was born into a middle-class family at Muchkuru village of Nizamabad District, Andhra Pradesh. He graduated Bachelor of Arts from the Giriraj government College Nizamabad, Osmania University Andhra Pradesh.

Entry into politics

He is attracted to politics during his college days and he was influenced by the then socialist leaders Late. Sri Muduganti Ramgopal Reddy, Late. Sri. G. Rajaram and BR Ganga Reddy of Nizamabad district. He was elected as General Secretary in 1964–65 and as President in 1966–67 of Giriraj Government College, Nizamabad. Later he was elected as Grampanchayath Member of Muchkur village in 1970. He was appointed as district youth congress President Nizamabad in 1971. Elected as General Secretary for Nizamabad Beedi Mazdur Sangh, Nizamabad. He worked as State Council Member, Andhra Pradesh Youth Congress Committee in 1975. he joined YSR congress party.

Member of legislative assembly

In 1978, Reddy was elected as Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA), Andhra Pradesh from Armoor constituency along with present Chief Minister Dr. Y. S. Raja Sekhara Reddy and former Chief Minister Mr. Nara Chandra Babu Naidu. He was elected as (MLA) for the second time in the wave of then film star NT Rama Rao in 1983. He was elected for the third time as (MLA) in 1989. And he was elected as (MLA) for the fourth time (presently) in 2004 (TRS).

State minister

Reddy worked as Minister for Roads & Buildings in 1990–1991 and then Finance Minister in 1991–1992 in the Nedurimalli Janardhan Reddy's Cabinet. And in 1992–1993 he worked as Minister for Major Industries in the Kotla Vijaya Bhasker Reddy's Cabinet. And recently he worked as Minister for Transport in Dr. Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy's Cabinet in 2004–2005.

Acting career

In 1991 Reddy acted as Speaker role in the Telugu film Thegimpu. He also acted as a poet in a video movie Andhra Vaibhavam.

Son in politics

Santosh Reddy's Son Shanigaram Srinivas Reddy (Vasu Babu), who lives in the USA, has entered active politics. He is the presumptive Congress candidate from Armoor for the 2009 general elections.

Nimma Raja Reddy - Former Minister of Andhra Pradesh

Nimma Raja Reddy also spelled in the media as Nimma Raji Reddy born 9 March 1937, Warangal, Andhra Pradesh is an Indian politician and was a MLA Member of the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly continuously for two decades from Cheriyal constituency for more than 4 times. And also served as a Minister (government) of Andhra Pradesh, he suffered a severe stroke and died due to a severe heart attack on 19 October 2009 in Cherial, Warangal Dist.

Political Roles

He entered into politics in the year 1962 at the age of 25 as an independent with out any political background and even with out any backing of any political party.

Political Life

Mr.Nimma, a lawyer by profession, from the age of 25, he served his region for more than four decades in various roles. He first won as village sarpanch and later as Samithi president and then as a Bank Chairman. For the first time he contested Assembly elections in year 1978. After that he contested in 1983 and won consecutively for 4 times in Telugu Desam Party. He served as MLA representing a Cherial constituency, Dist: Warangal for two decades and also served as a minister for two portfolios in the Government of Andhra Pradesh.
In the year 1999, after Chandrababu Naidu’s coup on N. T. Rama Rao, Mr.Naidu declined assembly ticket to Mr. Nimma Raji Reddy for not supporting the coup and for backing the founder of the party N. T. Rama Rao. From then on until the end of Cherial constituency merger with Jangaon constituency, no leader representing Telugu Desam Party won Cherial constituency.
Mr.Nimma’s opposition to Chandrababu Naidu proved very costly for Telugu Desam Party in Cherial constituency. He strongly supported Telangana moment, and then also supported Telangana Rashtra Samithi party after its foundation. In April 2004, Naidu, expelled him from the party along with three other senior members, Dharoor Pullaiah and C. Lakshmi Narasimha Reddy [1] In year 2009 assembly elections, when Telangana Rashtra Samithi made an alliance with Telugu Desam Party, he opposed it and joined Congress Party to show his hostility against Chandrababu Naidu. He played a very crucial role in helping Ponnala Laxmiah from Congress Party to win 2009 Assembly Elections in the New Jangaon Merger Cherial Constituency.
Nimma Raja Reddy
Former Minister, Govt Of AP
Born March 9, 1937
Warangal, Andhra Pradesh
Died October 19, 2009 (aged 72)
Cherial, Warangal District
Cause of death Heart Attack
Resting place Veldhanda, Cheriyal, Warangal
Residence Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh
Nationality India
Other names Nimma
Occupation MLA, Former Minister, Politician
Religion Hindu
Spouse(s) Smt.Nimma.Rama Devi
Children 6 Sons
Parents Rami Reddy Nimma (Father), Chandrama (Mother)

Gujjula Ravindra Reddy - Mayor of Altlandsberg, Germany, Member of state Parliament of Brandenburg, Germany

Gujjula Ravindra Reddy (born Bhadrachalam, Andhra Pradesh, India) is a former member of the state parliament of Brandenburg and former mayor of Altlandsberg.[1]
Reddy visited areas devastated by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. In four villages near Avanigadda, Andhra Pradesh tsunami shelters doubling as school buildings were constructed using charitable donations from the German Government and organisations such as Lions Club, Altlandsberg, Solidarity Service International (SODI) and Aktion Deutschland Hilft and Berlin Lichtenberg

Jaipal Reddy - Cabinet Minister for Petroleum, Government of India (2004 to present), member of the Lok Sabha

Sudini Jaipal Reddy (Telugu: సూదిని జైపాల్ రెడ్డి) (born 16 January 1942) is a member of the 15th Lok Sabha of India. He represents the Chevella constituency of Andhra Pradesh and is a member of the Indian National Congress. He served as a Union Minister for Information and Broadcasting in IK Gujral cabinet in 1998. In 1999 he returned to Indian National Congress after 21 years. In 2004 he was re-elected to 14th Lok Sabha from Miryalguda Constituency and then he served as a Union Minister for Information and Broadcasting and Union Minister for Urban Development in UPA-1. In 2009 he was re-elected to the 15th Lok Sabha from chevella constituency and served as a Union Minister for Urban Development and Union Minister for Petroleum and Natural Gas. He is presently the Union Minster for Science and Technology and Earth Science's from 29 October 2012 in UPA-2.

Early life

Jaipal Reddy was in born Nermatta, a Village in Chandur Mandal in Nalgonda District in Andhra Pradesh State, but is actually from Maadgula, Mahbubnagar district in AP. He has an M.A. from the Osmania University, Hyderabad. He is physically disabled and uses crutches.


Jaipal Reddy was an MLA of Kalwakurthy between 1969 and 1984, a constituency in Andhra Pradesh for four terms. He was a member of the Congress Party but quit to protest against the emergency and joined the Janata Party in 1977.
He contested the 1980 Lok Sabha elections unsuccessfully from Medak against Indira Gandhi. He was the general secretary of the Janata Party from 1985 to 1988. He was elected to the Lok Sabha five times: the 8th Lok Sabha in 1984 (in alliance with TDP), the 12th in 1998 (again as ally of TDP), the 13th in 1999 (as a member of the Congress Party), the 14th in 2004 (as a member of the Congress Party, Miryalaguda constituency) and the 15th in 2009 (as a member of the Congress Party). He was also a member of the Rajya Sabha on two occasions, 1990–1996 and 1997–1998.
He also held the position of leader of opposition in the Rajya Sabha for a year from June 1991 to June 1992. In 1999–2000, he was the Chairman of Committee of privileges. He served as the minister for Information and Broadcasting in the government on two occasions: in 1997–1998 under I. K. Gujral and from 2004 under Manmohan Singh with additional responsibility for Culture. He also served as the minister for Urban Development and Petroleum and Natural Gas.
A unique facet of his political career has been that he acted as the spokesman for all the parties of which he has been a member. He is known for the quality of his debates in the parliament and was awarded the Outstanding Parliamentarian Award in 1998. He was the first from South India and the youngest parliamentarian to achieve this award.

Positions Held

  • Elected twice as President, Osmania Students Union, Osmania University
  • 1965–71 President AP Youth Congress
  • 1969–72 General secretary, Andhra Pradesh Congress Committee
  • 1969–84 Member, Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly (4 terms)
  • 1979–88 Member, National Executive, Janta Party
  • 1984 Elected to 8th Lok Sabha
  • 1985–88 General secretary, Janta Party
  • 1990–96 97–98 Member Rajya Sabha
  • July 1991 – June 1992 Leader of Opposition, Rajya Sabha
  • 1997–98 Union cabinet minister ( I & B)
  • 1998 Re-elected to 12th Lok Sabha (second term)
  • 1998–99 Member, Committee of Finance,Consulative Committee Ministry of Finance
  • 1999 Re elected to 13th Lok Sabha (third term)
  • 1999–2000 chairman Committee of Privileges,Member Committee of Finance,Joint Committee of Patents
  • 2000–2004 Member Consultative Committee, Ministry of Power
  • 2004 Re elected to 14th Lok Sabha (fourth term)
  • May 2004 – Nov 2005 Union cabinet minister, Information & Broadcasting
  • Nov 2005 Union cabinet minister, Urban Development.
  • Vice-President, Parliamentary Forum on Water Conservation & Management
  • Jan 2006 Union cabinet minister, Urban Development,Vice-President Parliamentary Forum on Water Conservation Management
  • 2009 Re elected to 15th Lok Sabha (fifth term)
  • May 2009 – Jan 2011 Union cabinet minister, Urban Development
  • Jan2011 – Oct 2012 Union cabinet minister,Petroleum and Natural Gas
  • Oct2012 – present Union cabinet minister, Science and Technology, Earth Sciences.

Removal from the Oil Ministry

The last cabinet reshuffle of the UPA-II government took place on 28 October 2012. Jaipal Reddy known for his honesty was shifted from his current ministry to the Science and Technology ministry. The oil ministry had imposed a fine of 7000 Rs. crores on Mukesh Ambani's company for the sharp drop in production of gas and violations mentioned in CAG's 2011 report. Further, the oil ministry did not approve company's US$7.2 billion stake in deal with BP.[1][2] The rival parties including the BJP, SP, and Arvind Kejriwal said that he was removed owing to alleged pressure from the corporate houses, particularly from the Reliance group of Industries. However he refuted the claims and said that he needs to understand the new portfolio.[3][4][5]


Personal life

Shri Jaipal Reddy's earlier profession was of an agriculturist. His favourite pastime is reading and is known to have visited many countries. He married Smt. Lakshmi on 7 May 1960. He has two sons and one daughter.[6]
Jaipal Reddy.gif
Constituency Chevella
Personal details
Born 16 January 1942 (age 71)
Madgul, Andhra Pradesh
Nationality Indian
Political party Indian National Congress
Spouse(s) Lakshmi
Children 2 sons and 1 daughter
Residence Maadgula
Religion Hinduism

Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy - Former Member of Parliament (India), Political Leader, Communist party, Nalgonda

Bezawada Ramachandra Reddy (Telugu: బెజవాడ రామచంద్రారెడ్డి) CBE (November 24, 1894 – March 3, 1973) was an Indian politician of the Justice Party and one of the founders of the Swatantra Party. He served as the President of the Madras Legislative Council from 1930 to 1937. Ramachandra Reddy is a relative of Indian National Congress politician Bezawada Gopala Reddy

Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy is the General Secretary of the Communist Party of India(CPI). He was a member of the 12th and 14th Lok Sabha of India. He represented the Nalgonda constituency of Andhra Pradesh and is a member of the Communist Party of India (CPI) political party.
He was elected to serve as General Secretary of Communist Party of India (CPI), on March 31, 2012 in the 21st party Congress. He has previously served as the Chairman of Parliamentary Standing Committee on Labour, while being a member of the parliament.
Born on March 25, 1942 at Hyderabad, he was educated in the Municipal High School and Coles memorial High school in Kurnool.
He did his BA in History from Osmania College, Kurnool, in 1964 and LLB from Osmania University Law College in Hyderabad in the year 1967.
When he was 15, he became a crucial cog in an agitation seeking blackboards, chalks and books for his school in Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh. The movement spread like fire and schools across Kurnool started raising similar demands. Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy was later elected twice from the Nalgonda parliamentary constituency. Leader of several mass struggles, and widely admired within the party and outside.
General Secretary of the Communist Party of India
Assumed office
31 March 2012
Preceded by Ardhendu Bhushan Bardhan
Member of Parliament
for Nalgonda
Assumed office
Preceded by Gutha Sukender Reddy
In office
Succeeded by Gutha Sukender Reddy
Personal details
Born 25 March 1942 (age 71)
Mahbubnagar, Hyderabad State
Political party CPI
Spouse(s) Dr. B.V. Vijaya Lakshmi
Children 2 sons Nikhil Suravaram and Kapil Suravaram
Residence Hyderabad

Bezawada Ramachandra Reddy - Politician of the Justice Party and one of the founders of the Swatantra Party

Bezawada Ramachandra Reddy (Telugu: బెజవాడ రామచంద్రారెడ్డి) CBE (November 24, 1894 – March 3, 1973) was an Indian politician of the Justice Party and one of the founders of the Swatantra Party. He served as the President of the Madras Legislative Council from 1930 to 1937. Ramachandra Reddy is a relative of Indian National Congress politician Bezawada Gopala Reddy
Self Portrait.
Bezawada Ramachandra Reddy
Member of Parliament (Lok Sabha) for Nellore
In office
Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru
Preceded by None
Succeeded by Rebala Lakshminarasa Reddy
President of the Madras Legislative Council
In office
November 6, 1930 – July 18, 1937
Preceded by V. S. Narasimha Raju
Succeeded by Bulusu Sambamurti
Personal details
Born November 24, 1894
Died March 19, 1973 (aged 78)
Buchireddipalem, Nellore District, Andhra Pradesh
Nationality Indian
Political party Justice Party,
Swatantra Party
Spouse(s) Bezawada Seethamma and Bezawada Bujjamma
Profession Agriculturist/Politician

Early life

Ramachandra Reddy was born on November 24, 1894 to Sri Subba Reddy & Kamala (Dodla)in Buchireddipalem in the Madras Presidency.[2] He graduated from the Madras University in 1919 and immediately entered politics serving for a while as the President of the District Educational Council, Nellore. In 1929, he was elected President of the district board.


He married Dodla Sita, who gave him one male child who was named after his father Subba Reddy. On the death of first wife Sita who died post delivery, he married her half sister Dodla Bujjamma, who gave him 10 children, 5 sons & 5 daughters.

In the Legislative Council

Reddy joined the Justice Party at an early age and won the 1923 elections.[3] He also won the subsequent elections in 1926, 1930 and 1934. When the Justice Party captured power in the Presidency after a four-year long gap, Reddy's name was proposed for election as President of the Council. He was elected and served as the President of the Madras Legislative Council from November 6, 1930[4] to March 1937. Reddy resigned as Speaker following his defeat in the 1937 elections.
Reddy dissented with Periyar when he converted the political party into the Dravidar Kazhagam.[5] Reddy was first elected President of the Justice Party soon after the split in 1944 before the mantle passed on P. T. Rajan.[5] Reddy finally quit the party in 1952.[3]
In 1952, Reddy contested the First Lok Sabha elections as an independent from Nellore and was successful. He served as a Member of the Lok Sabha from 1952 to 1957.

Swatantra Party

On June 4, 1959, along with C. Rajagopalachari & N G Ranga and other senior politicians, Reddy floated the Swatantra Party. A party whose ideology was finally accepted by modern India when it started its liberalisation policy in the year 1991.

Champion of Liberalisation

He always believed in enterprise and promoted the idea of setting up business. He served on the boards of many companies as an independent director upon the invitation of the promoters. He was on the board of Madras Cements, Andhra Scientific Company, Machilipatnam. Personally he never believed in putting his money in industry, as he always believed his roots are in agriculture and he should always be only an agriculturist.


Reddy died on March 19, 1973.[6]

Nedurumalli Janardhana Reddy - Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh

Nedurumalli Janardhana Reddy
నేదురుమల్లి జనార్ధన రెడ్డి
Preceded by M. V. V. S. Murthy(TDP)[1]
Succeeded by Daggubati Purandeswari
Constituency Visakhapatnam
12thChief Minister of Andhra Pradesh
Preceded by Marri Chenna Reddy
Succeeded by Kotla Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy
Personal details
Born 20 February 1935 (age 78)
Vakadu, Madras Presidency, British India
Political party Indian National Congress
Spouse(s) Nedurumalli Rajyalakshmi
Children 4
Residence Hyderabad
Religion Hinduism
As of 12 May, 2006

Nedurumalli Janardhana Reddy (Telugu: నేదురుమల్లి జనార్ధన రెడ్డి; born 20 February 1935) is a member of the 12th, 13th and 14th Lok Sabha of India. He represents the Visakhapatnam constituency of Andhra Pradesh and is a member of the Indian National Congress. He was also a Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh from 1990 to 1992. His wife, Nedurumalli Rajyalakshmi, has been a minister in the Andhra Pradesh government since 2004.
In September 2007, Reddy escaped an assassination attempt near Nellore by naxal groups. Janardhana Reddy and his wife both escaped the event unhurt.[citation needed]

Political history

  • 1972–1978: Rajya sabha,
  • 1978–1984: MLC,
  • 1978–1983: Andhra Pradesh Cabinet Minister (Revenue, Industries, Power and Agriculture),
  • 1988–1989: P.C.C. President,
  • 1989–1994: MLA,
  • 1989–1990: Andhra Pradesh Cabinet Minister (Agriculture, Forests and Higher Education),
  • 1990–1992: Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh,
  • 1998–1999: MP (Bapatla – 12th Lok Sabha),
  • 1999–2004: MP (Narasaraopet – 13th Lok Sabha – 2nd term),
  • 2004–2009: MP (Visakhapatnam – 14th Lok Sabha – 3rd term),
  • 2009: Elected to Rajya Sabha,
  • 2010: Re-elected to Rajya Sabha

Padma Shri :A. Sankara Reddy

A. Sankara Reddy is a former principal of Sri Venkateswara College. He was awarded the prestigious Padma Shri award in 2009 for his contributions in the field of literature and education.[1]


  1. ^ Thorpe. The Pearson Concise General Knowledge Manual 2010 (New Edition). Pearson Education India. ISBN 978-81-317-2766-9. Retrieved 8 August 2011.

Padma Shri :Enuga Sreenivasulu Reddy (2000)

Enuga Sreenivasulu Reddy

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Enuga Sreenivasulu Reddy (Born in Andhra Pradesh, India in July 1, 1924) and moved to the United States to study at New York University. He held several positions at the United Nations and a driving force behind the Special Committee against Apartheid (of which he was Secretary from 1963–1965) and its Centre against Apartheid (of which he was Director from 1976–1983). He also served as Director of the UN Trust Fund for South Africa and the Educational and Training Programme for Southern Africa.[1]
He was awarded Padma Shri, one of the highest civilian awards of India in 2000.[2]
E.S Reddy received the World Peace Council Prize of the World Peace Council in 1982 for his contribution to the struggle against apartheid.
The University of Durban-Westville awarded him the honorary degree of Doctor of Philosophy in 1995 in recognition of his contribution to the struggle against apartheid and scholarly work on South Africa.

Padma Bhushan " B. Narasimha Reddy (1974)"

Bommireddy Narasimha Reddy

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Bommireddy Narasimha Reddy
B N Reddy 2.jpg
B. N. Reddy
Born November 16, 1908
Died November 8, 1977 (aged 68)
Occupation producer, presenter, story writer, business man, hospitals, philanthropy
Years active 1939-69
Bommireddy Narasimha Reddy (16 November 1908 - November 1977) was an Indian film director and an early figure in the Telugu cinema.[1][2]
He was eldest of the three brothers; others are B. Nagi Reddy and B. N. Konda Reddy. He was popularly known as B. N. Reddy. He is the director who balances artistic values and business needs in the right proportion. Many of his earlier films like Vande Mataram, Devatha had Chittor V. Nagaiah as lead.
His Malliswari (1951 film) starring N T Rama Rao and Bhanumathi is considered a timeless Indian film classic. He was the first person to receive the prestigious 'Dada Saheb Phalke Award' from South India. He was the first Indian film personality, to receive the Padmabhushan by government of India. He was the first Indian film personality to receive the Doctor of Letters honor [3]


National Film Awards
Civilian Honours
Other Honours
Doctor of letters

Padma Vibhushan "Ravi Narayan Reddy "

Ravi Narayana Reddy, (5 June 1908 – 7 September 1991), was a founding member of the Communist Party of India. He was a leader in the Telengana Rebellion against the rule of Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII. Reddy was also a philanthropist, social reformer,[1] and parliamentarian.

Post 1947

In the 1952 Indian general election, Reddy stood for the People's Democratic Front, (a pseudonym for the banned Communist Party of India), and polled more votes than Jawaharlal Nehru.[citation needed]
In 1994, a protest over water supplies at Bhongir, led by Reddy under the auspices of the Jalasadhana Samithi,[clarification needed] led to the filing of 485 nominations for the Nalgonda parliamentary seat, requiring officials to produce the election's longest ballot paper.[citation needed]
An auditorium, the Ravi Narayana Reddy Memorial Auditorium Complex at Banjara Hills in Hyderabad, was built and named in his memory by the Telangana Martyrs' Memorial Trust.[1]
In 2006, the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, Y.S. Rajasekhara Reddy, presented the Ravi Narayana Reddy memorial national foundation award to A.B. Bardhan, Communist Party of India general secretary.[2]

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
నీలం సంజీవరెడ్డి
6th President of India
In office
25 July 1977 – 25 July 1982
Prime Minister Morarji Desai
Charan Singh
Indira Gandhi
Vice President Basappa Danappa Jatti
Mohammad Hidayatullah
Preceded by Basappa Danappa Jatti (Acting)
Succeeded by Zail Singh
4th Speaker of the Lok Sabha
In office
26 March 1977 – 13 July 1977
Preceded by Bali Ram Bhagat
Succeeded by Kawdoor Sadananda Hegde
In office
17 March 1967 – 19 July 1969
Preceded by Sardar Hukam Singh
Succeeded by Gurdial Singh Dhillon
Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh
In office
12 March 1962 – 20 February 1964
Governor Bhim Sen Sachar
Satyawant Mallannah Shrinagesh
Preceded by Damodaram Sanjivayya
Succeeded by Kasu Brahmananda Reddy
In office
1 November 1956 – 11 January 1960
Governor Chandulal Madhavlal Trivedi
Bhim Sen Sachar
Preceded by Burgula Ramakrishna Rao (Hyderabad)
Bezawada Gopala Reddy (Andhra)
Succeeded by Damodaram Sanjivayya
Personal details
Born 19 May 1913
Illur, Madras Presidency, British India
(now in Andhra Pradesh, India)
Died 1 June 1996 (aged 83)
Bangalore, Karnataka, India
Nationality Indian
Political party Janata Party (1977–present)
Other political
Indian National Congress (before 1977)
Alma mater Government Arts College, Anantapur
Religion Hinduism                                                                                                             

Education and Family

Reddy was born in Illur village in Madras Presidency in the present day Anantapur district of Andhra Pradesh. He had his primary education at the High School run by Theosophical Society Adyar, Madras. He joined the Government Arts College at Anantapur, then an affiliate of the University of Madras for his higher studies.[2] Much later, in 1958, the degree of Honorary Doctor of Laws was conferred on him by the Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati.[3]
Reddy was married to Neelam Nagaratnamma. The couple had one son and three daughters.[4]

Freedom Fighter

Reddy joined the freedom struggle following Mahatma Gandhi's visit to Anantapur in July 1929. In 1931, Reddy gave up his studies to become an active participant in the nationalist struggle. He was closely associated with the Youth League and participated in a student satyagraha. In 1938, Reddy was elected Secretary of the Andhra Pradesh Provincial Congress Committee and he held that office for 10 years. During the Quit India Movement, he was imprisoned and was mostly in jail between 1940 to 1945. Released in March 1942, he was arrested again in August of that year and sent to the Amraoti jail where he served time with T Prakasam, S. Satyamurti, K Kamaraj and V V Giri till 1945.[5][6]

Political career

Reddy was elected to the Madras Legislative Assembly in 1946 and became the Secretary of the Madras Congress Legislature Party.[7] He was also a Member of the Indian Constituent Assembly which framed the Constitution of India.[8] From April 1949 till April 1951, he served as the Minister for Prohibition, Housing and Forests of the then Madras State.[9]

Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh

In 1951 he was elected President of the Andhra Pradesh Congress Committee. When the Andhra State was formed the following year, T. Prakasam became its Chief Minister and Sanjeeva Reddy the Deputy Chief Minister. When the state of Andhra Pradesh came into being by incorporating Telengana with Andhra State, Sanjeeva Reddy became its first Chief Minister serving from November 1956 to January 1960. He was Chief Minister for a second time from March 1962 to February 1964 thus serving in all for over 5 years as the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh.[10] Reddy was MLA from Sri Kalahasti and Dhone respectively during his stints as Chief Minister.[11][12][13] The Nagarjuna Sagar and Srisailam multipurpose river valley projects were initiated during Reddy's tenure as Chief Minister.[14] In 2005, the Chandrababu Naidu led government of the Telugu Desam Party renamed the Srisailam project as the Neelam Sanjiva Reddy Sagar in his honour.[15] The Congress governments under Reddy placed emphasis on rural development and agriculture and allied sectors. The shift towards industrialisation remained limited however and was largely driven by the central government's investments in large public sector enterprises in the state.[16] Reddy first term as Chief Minister ended in 1960 after he resigned as Chief Minister on being elected President of the Indian National Congress while in 1964 he resigned voluntarily following adverse remarks made against the Government of Andhra Pradesh by the Supreme Court in the Bus Routes Nationalisation case.[17]

Congress President and Union Minister

Reddy was elected President of the Indian National Congress thrice consecutively at its Bangalore, Bhavnagar and Patna sessions from 1960 to 1962.[7] He was elected to the Rajya Sabha twice. From June, 1964 Reddy was Union Minister of Steel and Mines in the Lal Bahadur Shastri government. He also served variously as Union Minister of Transport, Civil Aviation, Shipping and Tourism from January 1966 to March 1967 in Indira Gandhi's Cabinet.[9]

Speaker of the Lok Sabha

In the general elections of 1967, Reddy was elected to the Lok Sabha from Hindupur in Andhra Pradesh. On 17 March 1967, Reddy was elected Speaker of the Fourth Lok Sabha. He thus became only the third person to be elected Speaker of the house on serving his first term as its member.[18] Upon his election as the Speaker, he resigned from the Congress Party, to underline the independence of his office. As Speaker he admitted, for the first time, a No-Confidence Motion to be taken up for discussion on the same day as the President's address to a joint sitting of the Houses of Parliament. It was during his tenure that the House for the first time sentenced a person to imprisonment for Contempt of the House. The establishment of the Committee on the Welfare of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes was another achievement of Reddy's speakership.[9] Although he described himself as the 'watchman of the Parliament' and conducted himself with dignity and handled parliamentary business in an orderly and effective manner, he had several hostile encounters with Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in the House that proved costly when he became, two years later, the Congress Party's nominee to succeed Zakir Hussain as President.[19][20]

Presidential Election of 1969

In 1969, following the death of President Zakir Hussain, Reddy was nominated as the official candidate of Congress party. In particular he was seen as the candidate of the old guard of the Congress. Although she had nominated Reddy as the Congress party's presidential candidate, the Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi, was opposed to Reddy's candidacy. She asked Congress legislators to "vote according to their conscience" rather than blindly toe the Party line, in effect giving a call to support the independent candidate V V Giri. In a tightly contested election held on August 16, 1969, V V Giri emerged victorious, winning 48.01 per cent of the first preference votes and subsequently getting a majority on counting the second preference votes. In the final tally, Giri had 4,20,077 votes against the quota of 4,18,169 votes required to be elected President and Reddy 4,05,427 votes. The election led to much discord within the Congress Party and culminated in the historic split of 1969 and the subsequent rise of Indira Gandhi in Indian politics. The 1969 Indian presidential election remains the most closely fought in independent India's history.[21][22][23]
Subsequently, Reddy, who had resigned as Speaker of the Lok Sabha to contest the election, retired from active politics and moved back to Anantapur where he took to farming.[24]

Return to active politics

In response to Jayaprakash Narayan's call for a Total Revolution, Reddy emerged from his political exile in 1975. In January 1977 he was made a member of the Committee of the Janata Party and in March of that year, he fought the General Election from the Nandyal constituency in Andhra Pradesh as a Janata Party candidate. He was the only non-Congress candidate to be elected from Andhra Pradesh.[25][26] Reddy was unanimously elected Speaker of the Sixth Lok Sabha on 26 March 1977. However he resigned four months later to contest in the presidential elections of July 1977.[9] Reddy's second term as Speaker remains the shortest tenure for anyone to have held that post.[27]

Presidential Election of 1977

Although Prime Minister Morarji Desai wanted to nominate danseuse Rukmini Devi Arundale for the post, Reddy was elected unopposed, the only President to be elected thus, after being unanimously supported by all political parties including the opposition Congress party. At 65, he became the youngest ever person to be elected President of India. He was also the only serious presidential candidate to have contested twice - in 1969 against V V Giri and in 1977.[28][29] 37 candidates had filed their nominations for the presidency of whom 36 were rejected by the returning officer. Following these disqualifications, Reddy remained the only validly nominated candidate in the fray which made elections unnecessary. Reddy thus became the first person to be elected President of India without a contest.[30] He was the fourth President to be elected from South India and the third from Andhra Pradesh.[31]

President of India

President Neelam Sanjiva Reddy led 7 state visits between 1980 and 1982. He visited USSR, Bulgaria, Kenya, Zambia, UK, Indonesia, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Ireland and Yugoslavia.[32]
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy was elected, unopposed, on 21 July 1977[26] and was sworn in as the sixth President of India on 25 July, 1977. During his term of office, Reddy had to work with three governments under Prime Ministers Morarji Desai, Charan Singh and Indira Gandhi.[33] Relations between Reddy and Desai soon soured over the latter's promotion of his son, Kanti Desai, in politics and over Desai's communication with Chief Ministers Vengala Rao and Channa Reddy on the issue of land ceilings in Andhra Pradesh.[34] As President, he appointed Charan Singh as Prime Minister following the fall of the Morarji Desai government with the condition that he prove his majority on the floor of the House. Charan Singh was sworn in on July 28, 1979 but never faced Parliament to prove his majority when the President convened it on August 20. This convention of appointing a Prime Minister in a hung House but with conditions on time to prove majority was later adopted by President R Venkataraman.[29] Following Charan Singh's resignation, Reddy summoned Chandrashekhar and Jagjivan Ram to Rashtrapati Bhavan to look into the possibility of forming an alternate government but convinced that they would not be able to form one, he went along with Charan Singh's advice and dissolved Lok Sabha, calling for mid term polls which the Congress Party won handsomely.[35][36]

Retirement and Death

Following his Presidential term, the then Chief Minister of Karnataka Ramakrishna Hegde invited Reddy to settle down in Bangalore but he chose to retire to his farm in Anantapur.[37] He died of pneumonia in Bangalore in 1996 at the age of 83.[38] His samadhi is at Kallahalli near Bangalore.[39] Parliament mourned Reddy's death on June 11, 1996 and members cutting across party lines paid him tribute and recalled his contributions to the nation and the House.[40] The Postal Department of India released a commemorative stamp and special cover in honour of Reddy on the occasion of his birth centenary.[41] The Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy College Of Education in Hyderabad has been named after him. As part of the centenary celebrations of his birth, the Government of Andhra Pradesh has announced that it will rename the Andhra Pradesh State Revenue Academy, Reddy's alma mater the Government Arts College, Anantapur and the Government Medical College, Anantapur after the former president.[41][42]
Reddy authored a book, Without Fear or Favour : Reminiscences and Reflections of a President, published in 1989.[43] In 2004, a statue of his was erected at the Secretariat in Hyderabad.[44] The character of chief minister Mahendranath in former Prime Minister P V Narasimha Rao's novel, The Insider, draws on Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy's career in Andhra Pradesh and his political rivalry with Kasu Brahmananda Reddy.
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